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Eastern Europe

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Czar Nicholas II
Nicholas II
became Czar of Russia upon the death of Alexander III in 1894. His reign was marked by public discontent, war with Japan, and World War I. Forced to abdicate in 1917, he and his family were executed by Bolsheviks the following year.

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Armenia
Armenia
Local Name Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun. Area 11,480 sq mi. Population 3,064,267. Capital Yerevan.

Estonia

Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
Local Name Qazaqstan Respublikasy. Area 1,052,090 sq mi. Population 18.360,353. Capital Astana.

Latvia
Latvia
Local Name Latvijas Republika. Area 24,938 sq mi. Population 2,165,165. Capital Riga.

Lithuania
Lithuania
Local Name Lietuvos Respublika. Area 25,174 sq mi. Population 3,505,738. Capital Vilnius.

Poland
Poland
Local Name Rzeczpospolita Polska. Area 120,725 sq mi. Population 38,523,261. Capital Warsaw.

Russia
Russia
including the Soviet Union

Siberia
Siberia

Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Local Name O'zbekiston Respublikasi. Area 172,742 sq mi. Population 29,473,614. Capital Tashkent.

The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History