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Facts and Figures

Scotland occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain, as well as over 790 islands. The islands are divided into four main groups -- Shetland, Orkney, Inner Hebrides, and Outer Hebrides.

map of Scotland

Total Area 30,415 sq mi (78,775 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S 274 mi (441 km)
Greatest Distance E-W 154 mi (248 km)
Coastline ~2,300 mi (3,700 km)
Highest Point Ben Nevis, 4,406 ft (1,343 m) above sea level
Lowest Point sea level along the coast
Natural Resources offshore oil and gas, coal

Population (2016 est) 5,295,000
Largest Cities
Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Dundee, Inverness, Stirling

Principal Languages English, Scots, Scottish Gaelic
Principal Religions Church of Scotland, Free Church of Scotland, Scottish Episcopal Church, Roman Catholic, Islam, Jewish, Sikh

Capital Edinburgh
Head of State
Queen Elizabeth II
Scottish Executive First Minister Nicola Sturgeon
Scottish Parliament unicameral
House of Commons 59 seats
Local Government 32 council areas
Judiciary High Court of Justiciary, Court of Session, Sheriff Courts, District Courts

Per Capita Income $25,546
Principal Industries shipbuilding, coal mining, steel, petroleum, financial services
Agricultural Products
barley, oats, wheat; cattle, sheep
Manufactures automobiles, chemicals, industrial machinery, iron and steel, ships, textiles, whiskey
Principal Exports whiskey, electronics, financial services

Flag the Saltire (St. Andrew's) Cross dates back to the 9th century, making it the oldest national flag still in use
flag of Scotland
Nemo me impune lacessit [Latin]; Cha togar m'fhearg gun diladh [Scottish Gaelic] ("No one provokes me with impunity")
Patron Saint St. Andrew
National Hero William Wallace
Floral Emblem thistle

Queen Elizabeth II

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The Robinson Library >> Scotland

This page was last updated on June 13, 2018.