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an ancient fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, and Scotland's second most visited landmark
The Castle is one of the few ancient castles which still has a military garrison, albeit for ceremonial purposes only. It is the official headquarters of the Royal Regiment of Scotland and the 52nd Infantry Brigade, as well as home to the regimental museum of the Royal Scots and Royal Scots Dragoon Guards.
Chronology of Major Events
~600 Three hundred men gathered around King Mynyddog in his stronghold of Din Eidyn. The men were preparing to attack the Angles, recent invaders from Europe. Most of them died during a raid into Yorkshire. (This is the first historical mention of what is now known as Edinburgh.)
638 Din Eidyn was besieged and taken by the Angles. (This is probably when the place acquired the English name of Edinburgh.)
1093 Queen Margaret,
wife of Malcolm III, died soon after hearing that her
husband had been killed at Alnwick in Northumberland. (below:
A tiny chapel, built on the summit of the castle rock in
the early twelfth century, is dedicated to her memory and
is the oldest building in Edinburgh. She was made a saint
by Pope Innocent IV in 1250.)
1296 King Edward I of
England besieged and captured Edinburgh Castle.
1449 James II married
Mary of Gueldres in Holyrood Abbey. That same year a
great siege gun, made for the Queen's uncle, the Duke of
Burgundy, was tested at Mons (now in Belgium).
June 19, 1566 Mary, Queen of Scots, gave birth to Prince James in Edinburgh Castle.
May 16, 1568 Mary,
Queen of Scots, fled to England and James became King of
1688 King James VII of
Scotland fled into exile. The governor of Edinburgh
Castle at the time was the Duke of Gordon, a firm
supporter of King James, who prepared the Castle for a
March 19, 1707 The Act
uniting Scotland and England was passed in the Scottish
Parliament, after which the Crown, Sword and
Sceptre were brought back to Edinburgh Castle and locked
This page was last updated on April 20, 2017.