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  General and Old World HistoryGreat BritainIrelandGeneral Information
 
Republic of Ireland: Facts and Figures

map of the Republic of IrelandLocation occupies five-sixths of the island of Ireland
Bordered By Northern Ireland
Total Area 27,136 sq mi (70,283 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S
289 mi (465 km)
Greatest Distance E-W 177 mi (285 km)
Coastline 1,738 mi (2,797 km)
Highest Point Carrauntoohill, 3,414 ft (1,041 m)
Lowest Point Atlantic coast, sea level
Natural Resources natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite

Population (2015 est) 4,892,305
Nationality Irish
Largest Cities Dublin, Cork
Ethnic Groups Celtic, English
Religions Roman Catholic, Church of Ireland
Languages English (official), Irish (official)

Capital Dublin
Current Constitution Adopted July 1, 1937
Form of Government republic, parliamentary democracy
Chief of State President Michael D. Higgins (since October 29, 2011)
Head of Government Prime Minister Enda Kenny (since March 9, 2011)
Cabinet appointed by the President
Legislature bicameral Parliament (Oireachtas)
Judiciary Supreme Court
Administrative Divisions 29 counties, 5 cities

Unit of Currency Euro
Per Capita Income
$40,800
Principal Industries
pharmaceuticals, chemicals, computer hardware and software, food products, beverages and brewing, medical devices
Agricultural Products
barley, potatoes, wheat; beef, dairy products
Exports
machinery and equipment, computers, chemicals, medical devices, pharmaceuticals; food products, animal products
Imports
data processing equipment, other machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum and petroleum products, textiles, clothing

flag of the Republic of IrelandIndependence from the United Kingdom Achieved December 6, 1921
National Holiday Saint Patrick's Day, March 17
Flag three vertical bands of green, white, and orange;
officially the flag colors have no meaning, but a common interpretation is that the green represents the Irish nationalist (Gaelic) tradition of Ireland, orange represents the Orange tradition (minority supporters of William of Orange), and white symbolizes peace (or a lasting truce) between the green and the orange
National Anthem
The Soldier's Song

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This page was last updated on May 24, 2016.

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