hero of the Battle
Viscount Nelson, one of
England's greatest admirals, was given command of
the British Mediterranean fleet in 1803 at the
outbreak of the Napoleonic Wars between France
and Britain and their respective allies. At the
Battle of Trafalgar, fought near the Strait of
Gibraltar on October 21, 1805, Nelson defeated a
combined French and Spanish fleet. The victory
cost Nelson his life, but ended French naval
dominance in Europe. Napoleon then decided that
the only way he could defeat the British was
through economic warfare. Britain responded by
taking measures that were among the primary
causes of the War of 1812.
A statue of Nelson sits atop a
memorial column in London's Trafalgar
Square, which was named
in honor of the battle which established British
domination over the seas.
Horatio Nelson's Life and Career
||Born at Burnham-Thorpe,
Maurice Suckling, his uncle, on a voyage
to the Falkland Islands.
||Served aboard the Carcass
as a coxswain on its voyage to the Arctic
||Became a Lieutenant in
the Royal Navy.
||Given command of the
||Commanded the frigate Boreas,
stationed in the West Indies.
||Married the widow of
||Retired from the Royal
||Given command of the Agamemnon
and ordered to join the Mediterranean
||Wounded during the
Battle of Calvi, on the Corsican coast,
and lost the sight of his right eye.
||Promoted to the rank of
||Served under Admiral Sir
John Jervis at the Battle of Cape St.
||Made a Knight of the
||Led a small landing
party in an attack on Santa Cruz de
Tenerife in the Canary Islands. The
British were defeated and Nelson's right
arm was badly mangled and had to be
|August 1, 1798
||Attacked and almost
destroyed the French fleet in the Battle
of the Nile.
||Made Baron of the Nile.
||Defeated the Danish
fleet at the Battle of Copenhagen.
of the fleet.
|October 21, 1805
||Fatally wounded during
the British defeat of the combined French
and Spanish fleets at the Battle of
War of 1812
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