served the longest period as heir apparent in
British history before finally assuming the
throne, in 1901. As king, he was able to use the
fact that he was related to nearly every other
European sovereign to improve relations between
Britain and other nations.
became king in 1910. In 1911, he and his wife
became the only reigning British monarchs to
visit India. During World War I, he and the Queen
gained lasting popularity for their courage and
devotion. In 1917, he changed the family name
from Hanover to Windsor.
became the only monarch in British history to
voluntarily abdicate when he chose marriage to an
American divorcee over the throne.
became king upon the abdication of his older
brother in 1936. During World War II he gained
the public's admiration for refusing to leave
London during the Blitz and by living on the same
war-time rations as everyone else.
became heir apparent to the crown upon the
abdication of her uncle, Edward VIII. She became
queen upon the death of her father in 1952, and
still occupies the throne today.
Wedding of Princess Elizabeth
Queen's Travels in 1957
Queen's Travels in 1979
Highness Prince Andrew
is the third child of Queen Elizabeth II. He was
a pilot in the Royal Navy from 1979 until 2001,
during which time he served in the Falkland
Highness Princess Anne
is the second child of Queen Elizabeth II. An
avid horsewoman, she has participated in numerous
international competitions, including the 1976
Highness Prince Charles
Highness Princess Margaret
was the sister of Queen Elizabeth II. She was for
many years the darling of royal watchers around
the world because of her numerous charitable
ventures, as well as for her numerous
Engagement and Wedding of Princess Margaret
On February 26, 1960 the engagement of
Princess Margaret to photographer Antony
Armstrong-Jones was announced. The couple was
married in Westminster Abbey on May 6, 1960.
served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
from 1945 to 1951. Under hisleadership the Bank of England, coal mines, steel
industry, and many public services were
nationalized; the National Health Service was
created; and India became independent.
Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill
was Prime Minister during World War II, in which
capacity he provided strength to citizens
experiencing the Blitz. Defeated in the 1945
General Election, he was returned to office in
served in a variety of ministerial positions
before being named Prime Minister in 1963. He
only served until 1964, however, after which he
took a seat in the House of Lords.
served as Secretary of War and Foreign Secretary
during World War II. He succeeded Churchill as
Prime Minister in 1955, and served in that office
until 1957. During his tenure England, France and
Israel launched an assault on Egypt in response
to nationalization of the Suez Canal.
became Prime Minister following Britain's failed
attempt to seize control of the Suez Canal.
Although he was able to calm the furor caused by
the debacle, he was unable to overcome problems
caused by his own government.
became the first woman Prime Minister in 1979,
and subsequently served three consecutive terms.
Her government oversaw improvements in the
nation's economy, and she herself was a familiar
served two separate terms as Prime Minister. His
first term was marked by economic decline, a
revolution in Rhodesia, and support for the
United States efforts in Vietnam. His second term
was only marginally more successful.
Langhorne Shaw Astor
was elected to the House of Commons in 1919,
despite being an American. Although she was the
second woman to be elected to that body, she was
the first to actually take her seat. She
ultimately served until retiring from politics in
Brabazon Ponsonby, Earl of Bessborough
was the first Governor General of Canada to not
officially represent the British government.
During his tenure the trans-Canadian phone system
was inaugurated, and the Canadian Broadcasting
Corporation was created.