Queen of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Elizabeth Alexandra Mary was
not expected to become queen, but her destiny
changed when her uncle, King Edward
VIII, abdicated to
marry Wallis Simpson. Her father, the Duke of
York, became King George VI,
and as the eldest child Elizabeth became first in
line to the throne. When she was 25, her father
died of lung cancer and she was crowned Queen
During her 60+-year reign, the
monarchy has been transformed from a
mystery-shrouded national institution into a
family of celebrities whose weddings, travels,
antics, and funerals are followed by millions of
royal-watchers around the world.
Chronology of Her Life and Reign
April 21, 1926 Born in
London, the eldest child of The Duke and Duchess
1936 Her father succeeded to
the throne and became King George VI.
1937 Enrolled as a Girl
Guide; later became a Sea Ranger.
1938 Became president of The
Queen Elizabeth Hospital for Children in Hackney.
1939 Won the Children's
Challenge Shield at London's Bath Club.
October 1940 Broadcast a
message during the BBC's children's program to
children being evacuated for safety reasons.
Colonel-in-Chief of the Grenadier Guards.
April 20, 1942 Carried out her
first public engagement -- an inspection of the
April 1943 Carried out her
first solo public engagement -- a day with a
Grenadier Guards tank battalion.
April 1944 Appointed a
Counsellor of State.
1945 Made a Subaltern in the
Auxiliary Territorial Service. Reached the rank
of Junior Commander by the end of the war.
1947 Made her first official
overseas visit -- a tour of South Africa, with
her parents and sister (Princess
June 1947 Received the freedom
of the City of London.
July 1947 Received the freedom
of the City of Edinburgh.
November 1947 Created a Lady of
November 20, 1947 Married Lieutenant Philip
1948 Her first child,
Charles, was born.
1950 Her first daughter, Anne, was born.
February 6, 1952 King George
2, 1953 Officially crowned Queen
1960 Her third child, Andrew, was born.
1964 Her last child, Edward,
November 14, 1973 Princess
Anne married Lieutenant Mark Phillips.
1977 The Queen's Silver
Jubilee was celebrated throughout the
July 29, 1981 Prince Charles
married Diana Spencer.
July 23, 1986 Prince Andrew
married Sarah Ferguson.
June 19, 1999 Prince Edward
married Sophie Rhys-Jones.
of Princess Elizabeth
Questions or comments about