Andrew, the Duke of York
Andrew Albert Christian Edward was born
at Buckingham Palace on February 19, 1960, the
second son and third child of The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh. He was known
as Prince Andrew until his marriage, when he was
created The Duke of York, Earl of Inverness and
Baron Killyleagh. He was educated by a governess
at Buckingham Palace until the age of eight, when
he was sent to Heatherdown Preparatory School,
Ascot; he was taught there until he was thirteen,
when he moved on to Gordonstoun School in
Morayshire, Scotland. After completing his
secondary education he entered the Royal Navy.
Andrew joined the Royal Navy in
1979, as a Seaman Officer specializing as a
pilot. He entered Britannia Royal Naval College,
Dartmouth, where he took the full range of
initial professional training and concurrently
undertook the Royal Marine "Green
Beret" course at the Commando Training
Centre, Lympstone. He then went on to elementary
flying training with the Royal Air Force at RAF
Leeming, Yorkshire, and then to basic flying
training with the Royal Navy at Royal Naval Air
Station Culdrose, Cornwall. He received his Wings
from The Duke of Edinburgh in April 1981.
Andrew first saw active service
in 1983, when his squadron sailed to the South
Atlantic to regain the Falkland Islands from
Argentina. Throughout the conflict he flew on
various missions, and also helped in casualty
evacuation, transport, and Search and Air Rescue.
Andrew remained on active duty
in the Royal Navy, serving in a variety of
assignments, through July 2001, leaving with the
rank of Commander.
Marriage and Family
Prince Andrew and Sarah
Ferguson were married in Westminster Abbey on
July 23, 1986. At the time of their marriage
Prince Andrew was created The Duke of York and
Sarah became the Duchess of York.
The Duke and Duchess' first
child, Beatrice Elizabeth Mary, was born at the
Portland Hospital in London on August 8, 1988.
Their second child, Eugenie Victoria Helena, was
born on March 23, 1990, also at the Portland
The Duke and Duchess were
divorced in May 1996.
Activities and Interests
The Duke of York is Patron of,
or associated with, more than 100 diverse
organizations, including the British Deaf
Association, the Royal Commonwealth Society for
the Deaf, Fight for Sight, the Jubilee Sailing
Trust, the Royal Aero Club, the City Ballet of
London, and the Association of Leading Visitor
Attractions. In 1999, he became chairman of the
National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Children's Full Stop Campaign to end child abuse.
The Duke of York is also an active Trustee of the
National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, and Patron
of Greenwich College.
The Duke of York holds one
naval service appointment -- Admiral of the Sea
Cadet Corps, which he took over from The Duke of
Edinburgh in 1992. In 1989, he was made Colonel
in Chief of the Staffordshire Regiment. In 1992,
he became the Colonel in Chief of the Royal Irish
Regiment. He is also Colonel in Chief of the
Royal New Zealand Logistic Regiment and the Air
Commodore of RAF Lossiemouth, Morayshire.
Questions or comments about