Socialist and Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Socijalisticka Federativna Jugoslavija
Facts and Figures
Bordered By Italy, Austria, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania
Area 98,766 sq
Greatest Distance E-W 475 mi
Greatest Distance N-S 415 mi
Coastline 490 mi
Highest Point Mount Triglav;
Lowest Point sea level
Population (at time of
Largest Cities Belgrade,
Zagreb, Skopje, Sarajevo, Ljubljana, Split, Nova
Form of Government socialist
National Anthem Hej
Sloveni ("Hey Slavs")
Flag horizontal stripes of blue,
white, and red, with a red star in the middle
Coat of Arms there is one torch
for each of the nation's six republics; the date
marks the start of Communist rule
Timeline of Important Events
December 1, 1918 The Kingdom
of the Serbes, Croats, and Slovenes was formed,
uniting for the first time the region that became
1921 A new constitution,
providing for a constitutional monarchy, was
1929 King Alexander I changed
the name of the country to Yugoslavia and began
to rule as a dictator.
1934 Croatian terrorists
assassinated Alexander I.
1941 The Yugoslavian army
overthrew the pro-German government. Germany and
other Axis powers invaded Yugoslavia. Josip Broz
Tito organized the Partisans, a
1944 Aided by Soviet troops, the
Partisans freed Belgrade from German occupation.
November 29, 1945 The country's
name was changed to the Federal People's Republic
1946 A new constitution
established six constituent republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and
1947 Italy ceded
most of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia.
1948 The Soviet Union broke off
relations with Yugoslavia.
1953 Marshal Tito was chosen as
President of Yugoslavia.
1963 Yugoslavia was proclaimed
to be a Socialist republic and Tito was named
President for Life.
May 4, 1980 President Josip Broz
1984 Sarajevo hosted the Winter
1991 Croatia and Slovenia
declared their independence from Yugoslavia.
Slovenia was invaded by Yugoslav troops, tanks,
and aircraft, starting the Ten-Day War.
1992 The international community
recognized the independence of Slovenia and
Croatia. Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its
independence from Yugoslavia.
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