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  General and Old World HistoryBalkan PeninsulaYugoslaviaCroatia
 
map of CroatiaRepublic of Croatia

Republika Hrvatska

Location southeastern Europe
Bordered By
Slovenia,
Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro
Area 21,851 sq mi (56,594 sq km)
Highest Point Dinara; 6,007 ft (1,831 m)
Lowest Point Adriatic Sea; sea level
Coastline 3,626 mi (5,835 km)
Natural Resources
oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower

Nationality Croatian
Population (2014 est)
4,470,534
Largest Cities
Zagreb
Ethnic Groups Croat, Serb
Religions Roman Catholic, Orthodox
Languages Croatian (official), Serbian

Capital Zagreb
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Present Constitution Adopted
December 22, 1990
Chief of State
President Ivo Josipovic (since February 18, 2010)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic (since December 23, 2011)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers
Legislature
unicameral Assembly (Sabor)
Judiciary
Supreme Court
Local Administration
20 counties (zupanije)

Currency kuna
Per Capita Income
$17,800
Industries
chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism
Agricultural Products
wheat, corn, barley, sugar beet, sunflower, rapeseed, alfalfa, clover, potatoes, cabbage, onion, tomato, pepper, apples, plum, mandarins, olives, grapes for wine; cattle, pigs; dairy products
Export Commodities
transport equipment, machinery, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels
Import Commodities
machinery, transport and electrical equipment; chemicals, fuels and lubricants, foodstuffs

flag of CroatiaIndependence from Yugoslavia Achieved June 25, 1991
National Holiday
s
Independence Day, October 8 (1991) and Statehood Day, June 25 (1991) [June 25, 1991 was the day the Croatian parliament voted for independence; following a three-month moratorium to allow the European Community to solve the Yugoslav crisis peacefully, parliament adopted a decision on October 8, 1991 to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia]
Flag
the red, white, and blue colors were inspired by the 19th-century flag of Russia; the Croatian coat of arms
consists of one main shield (a checkerboard of 13 red and 12 silver fields) surmounted by five smaller shields that form a crown over the main shield; the five small shields represent five historic regions are (from left to right: Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia)


Hungary
Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Montenegro

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  The Robinson Library > General and Old World History > Balkan Peninsula > Yugoslavia > Croatia

This page was last updated on December 05, 2014.

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