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Republic of Croatia

Republika Hrvatska

map of Croatia

Location southeastern Europe
Bordered By
Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro
Area 21,851 sq mi (56,594 sq km)
Highest Point Dinara; 6,007 ft (1,831 m)
Lowest Point Adriatic Sea; sea level
Coastline 3,626 mi (5,835 km)
Natural Resources
oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower

Nationality Croatian
Population (2017 est)
Largest Cities
Ethnic Groups Croat, Serb
Religions Roman Catholic, Orthodox
Languages Croatian (official), Serbian

Capital Zagreb
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Present Constitution Adopted
December 22, 1990
Chief of State
President Kalinda Grabar-Kitarovic (since February 19, 2015)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Andrej Plenkovic (since October 18, 2016)
Council of Ministers
unicameral Assembly (Sabor)
Supreme Court
Local Administration
20 counties (zupanije)

Currency kuna
Per Capita Income
chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism
Agricultural Products
wheat, corn, barley, sugar beet, sunflower, rapeseed, alfalfa, clover, potatoes, cabbage, onion, tomato, pepper, apples, plum, mandarins, olives, grapes for wine; cattle, pigs; dairy products
Export Commodities
transport equipment, machinery, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels
Import Commodities
machinery, transport and electrical equipment; chemicals, fuels and lubricants, foodstuffs

Independence from Yugoslavia Achieved June 25, 1991
National Holiday
Independence Day, October 8 (1991) and Statehood Day, June 25 (1991) [June 25, 1991 was the day the Croatian parliament voted for independence; following a three-month moratorium to allow the European Community to solve the Yugoslav crisis peacefully, parliament adopted a decision on October 8, 1991 to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia]
the red, white, and blue colors were inspired by the 19th-century flag of Russia; the Croatian coat of arms
consists of one main shield (a checkerboard of 13 red and 12 silver fields) surmounted by five smaller shields that form a crown over the main shield; the five small shields represent five historic regions are (from left to right: Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia)

flag of Croatia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Balkan Peninsula >> Yugoslavia >> Croatia

This page was last updated on October 27, 2017.