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Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Republika Bosna i Hercegovina

map of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Location southeastern Europe
Bordered By
Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro
Area 19,741 sq mi (51,209 sq km)
Highest Point Maglic; ft (2,386 m)
Lowest Point Adriatic Sea; sea level
Natural Resources coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, forests, hydropower

Nationality Bosnian, Herzegovinian
Population (2016 est)
Largest Cities
Ethnic Groups Bosniak, Serb, Croat
Religions Muslim, Orthodox, Roman Catholic
Languages Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

Capital Sarajevo
Form of Government federal democratic republic
Present Constitution Adopted
December 14, 1995
Chief of State
Chairman of the Presidency
Miaden Ivanic (since November 17, 2016)
Head of Government
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
Denis Xvizdic (since February 11, 2015)
Council of Ministers
bicameral Parliamentary Assembly (Skupstina)
BH Constitutional Court; BH State Court
Local Administration
2 first-order administrative divisions, 1 internationally supervised district

Currency konvertibilna markas
Per Capita Income
Industries steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, tank and aircraft assembly, domestic appliances, oil refining
Agricultural Products
wheat, corn, fruits, vegetables; livestock
Export Commodities
metals, clothing, wood products
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs

Independence from Yugoslavia Achieved March 1, 1992
National Holiday
National Day, November 25 (1943)
the triangle approximates the shape of the country and its three points stand for the constituent peoples -- Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs; the stars represent Europe and are meant to be continuous (thus the half stars at top and bottom); the colors (white, blue, and yellow) are often associated with neutrality and peace and are traditionally linked with Bosnia

flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina


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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Balkan Peninsula >> Yugoslavia >> Bosnia and Herzegovina

This page was last updated on October 05, 2017.