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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Balkan Peninsula >> Turkey >> General Information
Republic of Turkey

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti

map of Turkey

Location Middle East
Bordered By
Greece, Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Syria

Area 301,382 sq mi (780,576 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 1,015 mi (1,633 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 465 mi (748 km)
Coastline 2,211 mi (3,558 km)
Highest Point Ararat; 17,011 ft (5,185 m)
Lowest Point Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea; sea level
Natural Resources coking coal, chromite, petroleum, copper, iron ore, meerschaum

Nationality Turk
Population (July 2016 est)
80,274,604
Largest Cities
Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Bursa, Adana
Ethnic Groups Turks, Kurds
Religions Muslim
Languages Turkish, Kurdish

Capital Ankara
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted
November 7, 1982
Chief of State
President Recip Tayyip Erdogan (since August 10, 2014)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Binali Yildirim (since May 22, 2016)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers
Legislature
unicameral Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Buyuk Millet Meclisi)
Judiciary
Constitutional Court
Local Administration
81 provinces (iller)

Currency Turkish Lira
Per Capita Income
$14,600
Industries textiles, food processing, automobiles, electronics, mining, steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper
Agricultural Products
tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, hazelnuts, pulses, citrus; livestock
Export Commodities
apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transportation equipment
Import Commodities
machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transportation equipment

Republic Established October 29, 1923
National Holiday
Republic Day, October 29
Flag
red with a vertical white crescent moon (the closed portion is toward the hoist side) and white five-pointed star centered just outside the crescent opening; according to legend, the flag represents the reflection of the moon and a star in a pool of blood of Turkish warriors

flag of Turkey

SEE ALSO
Greece
Bulgaria
Armenia
Iran
Iraq

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Balkan Peninsula >> Turkey >> General Information

This page was last updated on April 29, 2017.