King of Romania (reigned July 20, 1927 - June 8,
1930 and September 6, 1940 - December 30, 1947)
The already tense relations between King
Michael and the Romanian government got worse
over the summer of 1947.
Several clashes were reported to have occurred
with respect to fundamental changes in Romania's
legal system, which were desired by the
government in order to strengthen its control.
Another difference arose in connection with the
King's speech at the opening of Parliament in
October. The speech, drafted by the government,
proclaimed Romania's alliance with the Soviet
Union regarding foreign policy; King Michael
wanted to link Romania with the United Nations.
The main break with the Romanian government
began after the King returned to Romania from the
wedding of Princess Elizabeth
of Great Britain, when it was reported that the
government opposed the King's engagement to
Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma and Denmark.
Citing the monarchy's impediment to the further
development of the country, Michael abdicated on
December 30, 1947, after which the Romanian
Parliament elected a five-member Presidium and
proclaimed a People's Republic.
Right: Ex-king Michael and his mother, the
former Queen Helen, in Lausanne, Switzerland,
following his abdication.
Collier's Year Book New
York, New York: P. F. Collier & Son
In the Year 1947
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