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  General and Old World History
map of Balkan Peninsula Balkan Peninsula

bahl' kan, a region of Europe south of the Danube River bounded by the Adriatic, Aegean, Black, and Ionian seas

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Bulgaria
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Turkish Revolt of 1960
Turkish Revolt of 1960
An attempt by the Democratic Party government to restrict political activity and to do away with some civil rights led to a successful military coup on May 27, 1960.
Alexander I, King of Yugoslavia
Alexander
became Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in 1909, and King in 1921. On October 3, 1929, he changed the country's name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and outlawed all political parties based on ethnic, religious, or regional distinctions. He was assassinated on October 9, 1934.
Kemal Ataturk
Kemal Ataturk
Mustafa Kemal served in the Ottoman Army during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in that war, he led the Turkish National Movement during the Turkish War of Independence. He became President of the Turkish Republic upon its proclamation in 1923, and served as such until his death in 1938. In 1934 the National Assembly confered upon him the surname Ataturk, meaning "Father of the Turks."
Craiova
Craiova
is the sixth largest city in Romania, with an area of approximately 31 square miles and population of about 295,000. The city's importance in the history of Romania began with Wallachian Prince Mihai Viteazu, who served as the ban (military governor) of Craiova and achieved the first unification of the three Romanian principalities in 1600.
King Ferdinand
Ferdinand
Prince Ferdinand Viktor Albert Meinrad of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen became King of Romania upon the death of his uncle, Carol I. As king, he led Romania against the Central Powers in the latter years of World War I.
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
was created during World War II, following the overthrow of the pro-German monarchy in 1941. It was a federation made of the republics of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia.
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This page was last updated on 09/27/2016.

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