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  General and Old World HistoryBalkan PeninsulaBulgariaGeneral Information
map of BulgariaRepublic of Bulgaria

Republika Bulgariya

Bulgaria's position in EuropeLocation southeastern Europe
Bordered By
Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Serbia, Romania

Area 42,823 sq mi (110,912 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 306 mi (492 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 170 mi (274 km)
Coastline 175 mi (282 km)
Highest Point Musala; 9,596 ft (2,925 m)
Lowest Point Black Sea; sea level
Natural Resources bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land

Nationality Bulgarian
Population (July 2015 est)
Largest Cities
Plovdiv, Sofia
Ethnic Groups Bulgarian, Turk, Roma, other
Religions Bulgarian Orthodox, Muslim, other Christian
Languages Bulgarian, Turkish, Roma

Capital Sofia
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Present Constitution Adopted
July 12, 1991
Chief of State
President Rosen Plevneliev (since January 27, 2012)
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Boyko Borisov (since November 7, 2014)
Council of Ministers nominated by the Prime Minister and elected by the National Assembly
unicameral National Assembly (Narodno Sobranie)
Supreme Administrative Court; Supreme Court of Cassation; Constitutional Court; Supreme Judicial Council
Local Administration
28 provinces

Currency Lev (BGN)
Per Capita Income
Industries electricity, gas, water, food, beverages, tobacco, machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel
Agricultural Products
vegetables, fruits, tobacco, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets; livestock
Export Commodities
clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, metals and ores, chemicals and plastics, fuels, minerals, raw materials

flag of BulgariaIndependence Achieved September 22, 1908
Ottoman Empire
National Holiday
Liberation Day, March 3 (1878)
three equal horizontal bands of white, green, and red


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This page was last updated on September 27, 2016.

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