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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Balkan Peninsula >> Albania
Republic of Albania

Republika e Shqipėrisė

Location southeastern Europe
Bordered By
Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia,
Greece

map of Albania

Area 11,100 sq mi (28,748 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 90 mi (145 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 215 mi (346 km)
Coastline 175 mi (282 km)
Highest Point Maja e Korabit; 9,026 ft (2,751 m)
Lowest Point Adriatic Sea; sea level
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower

Nationality Albanian
Population (July 2015 est) 3,029,278
Largest Cities
Tiranė, Elbasia, Durres
Ethnic Groups Albanian, Greek
Religions Muslim, Albanian Orthodox, Roman Catholic
Languages Albanian (official), Greek, Vlach, Romani, Slavic dialects

Capital Tiranė
Form of Government democracy
Present Constitution Adopted
November 22, 1998
Chief of State
President of the Republic Bujar Nishani (since July 24, 2012)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Edi Rama (since September 10, 2013)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers
Legislature
unicameral Assembly (Kuvendi)
Judiciary
SConstitutional Court, Supreme Court
Local Administration
12 counties (qarqe)

Currency Lek
Per Capita Income
$7,800
Industries food processing, textiles and clothing, lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower
Agricultural Products
wheat, corn, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beets, grapes; meat, dairy products
Export Commodities
textiles and footwear, asphalt, metals and metallic ores, crude oil, vegetables, fruits, tobacco
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, textiles, chemicals

Independence Achieved November 28, 1912
From
Ottoman Empire
National Holiday
Independence Day; November 28
Flag
red with a black two-headed eagle in the center; the design is claimed to be that of 15th-century hero George Castriota Skanderberg, who led a successful uprising against the Turks that resulted in a short-lived independence for some Albanian regions (1443-78)

flag of Albania

SEE ALSO
Greece

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Balkan Peninsula >> Albania

This page was last updated on April 30, 2017.