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Principality of Liechtenstein

Fuerstentum Liechtenstein

map of Liechtenstein

Origin of Name The country took its name from the Liechtenstein dynasty, which purchased and united the counties of Schellenberg and Vaduz.

Bordered By Switzerland, Austria

Area 61 sq mi (157 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S 17.4 mi (28 km)
Greatest Distance E-W 7 mi (11 km)
Highest Point Vorder-Grauspitz; 8,527 ft (2,599 m)
Lowest Point Ruggeller Rief; 1,411 ft (430 m)
Natural Resources hydroelectric potential

Nationality Liechtensteiner
Population (July 2015)
Ethnic Groups Liechtensteiner
Religions Roman Catholic (official), Proestant Reformed, Muslim
Languages German (official)

Capital Vaduz
Form of Government
hereditary constitutional monarchy
Present Constitution Adopted October 5, 1921
Chief of State
Prince Hans Adam II (since November 13, 1989)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Adrian Hasler (since March 27, 2013)
Cabinet elected by the Parliament
Legislature unicameral Parliament (Landtag)
Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof); Constitutional Court (Verfassungsgericht)
Local Administration 11 communes (gemeinden)

Currency Swiss Franc
Per Capita Income
electronics, metal manufacturing, dental products, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments, tourism, optical instruments
Agricultural Products
wheat, barley, corn, potatoes; livestock, dairy products
Export Commodities
small specialty machinery, connectors for audio and video, parts for motor vehicles, dental products, hardware, prepared foodstuffs, electronic equipment, optical products
Import Commodities
agricultural products, raw materials, energy products, machinery, metal goods, textiles, foodstuffs, motor vehicles

Principality Established January 23, 1719
Independence from the Holy Roman Empire Achieved July 12, 1806
Independence from the German Confederation Achieved August 24, 1866
National Holiday
Assumption Day / National Day, August 15 (1940)
two equal horizontal bands of blue and red with a gold crown on the hoist side of the blue band; the colors may derive from the blue and red livery design used in the principality's household in the 18th century; the prince's crown was introduced in 1937


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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Central Europe > Liechtenstein

This page was last updated on 01/22/2018.