The Robinson Library

The Robinson Library >> Hungary
Republic of Hungary


Origin of Name "Hungary" is from the Turkish on-ogur, meaning "(people of the) ten arrows." Byzantine chroniclers gave the region the name because they believed (mistakenly) that the Hungarians had Turkish origins. "Magyarország," meaning "land of the Magyars," refers to Magyar, the legendary forefather of all Hungarians.

map of Hungary

Location Central Europe
Bordered By Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Austria

Hungary on a map of Europe

Total Area 35,910 sq mi (93,030 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 312 mi (502 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 193 mi (311 km)
Highest Point Mount Kékes, 3,330 ft (1,015 m)
Lowest Point Tisza River, 259 ft (79 m)
Natural Resources bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land

Nationality Hungarian
Population (July 2016 est)
Largest Cities Budapest, Debrecen
Ethnic Groups Hungarian, Roma
Religions Roman Catholic, Calvinist, Luteran, Greek Catholic, other Christian, unaffiliated, other
Languages Hungarian

Capital Budapest
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Present Constitution Adopted August 18, 1949
Chief of State
President Janos Ader (since May 10, 2012)
Head of Government Prime Minister Viktor Orban (since May 29, 2010)
Cabinet Council of Ministers proposed by the Prime Minister and approved by the President
Legislature unicameral National Assembly (Orszaggyules)
Constitutional Court
Administrative Divisions
19 counties, 23 urban counties, 1 capital city

Currency Forint
Per Capita Income
Industries mining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals, motor vehicles
Agricultural Products wheat, corn, sunflower seeds, potatoes, sugar beets; pigs, cattle, poultry, dairy products
Export Commodities machinery and equipment, other manufactures, food products, raw materials, fuels and electricity
Import Commodities machinery and equipment, other manufactures, fuels and electricity, food products, raw materials

Independence Achieved 1001 (unification by King Stephen I)
National Holiday Saint Stephen's Day, August 20
Flag the flag dates to the national movement of the 18th and 19th centuries, and fuses the medieval colors of the Hungarian coat of arms with the revolutionary tricolor form of the French flag; folklore attributes virtues to the colors -- red for strength, white for faithfulness, and green for hope; alternatively, the red is seen as being for the blood spilled in defense of the land, white for freedom, and green for the pasturelands that make up so much of the country

flag of Hungary

See Also


Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> Hungary

This page was last updated on January 01, 2019.