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Republic of Austria


Location central Europe
Bordered By
Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein

map of Austria

Area 32,374 sq mi (83,849 sq km)
Greatest Distance East-West 355 mi (578 km)
Greatest Distance North-South 180 mi (290 km)
Highest Point Grossglockner; 12,457 ft (3,797 m)
Lowest Point Neusiedler Lake; 377 ft (115 m)
Natural Resources magnesite, graphite, coal, iron ore, natural gas, oil, copper, lead, salt, zinc

Nationality Austrian
Population (July 2016 est)
Largest Cities
Vienna, Graz, Linz, Salzburg, Innsbruck

Capital Vienna
Form of Government federal republic
Present Constitution Adopted October 1, 1920
Chief of State
President Alexander van der Bellen (since January 26, 2017)
Head of Government
Chancellor Christian Kern (since May 17, 2016)
Council of Ministers chosen by the President
bicameral Federal Assembly
Supreme Judicial Court (Oberster Gerichtshof); Administrative Court (Verwaltungsgerichtshof); Constitutional Court (Verfassungsgerichtshof)
Local Administration
9 states (Bundeslaender)

Currency Euro
Per Capita Income
construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism
Agricultural Products
grains, potatoes, wine, fruit; dairy products, cattle, pigs, poultry; lumber
Export Commodities
machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, paper and paperboard, metal goods, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal goods, oil and oil products; foodstuffs

National Holiday National Day, October 26 (commemorates the passage of the law on permanent neutrality on that date in 1955)
Flag the flag design is certainly one of the oldest -- if not the oldest -- national banners in the world; according to tradition, in 1191, following a fierce battle in the Third Crusade, Duke Leopold V of Austria's white tunic became completely blood-spattered; upon removal of his wide belt or sash, a white band was revealed; the red-white-red color combination was subsequently adopted as his banner

flag of Austria

Czech Republic

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Central Europe >> Austria

This page was last updated on October 23, 2017.