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Tuvalu Facts and Figures

Meaning of Name "tuvalu" means "group of eight" or "eight standing together" referring to the country's eight traditionally inhabited islands

Location about halfway from Hawaii to Australia

location of Tuvalu

Total Land Area 10 sq mi (26 sq km)
Highest Point unnamed elevation; 16 ft (5 m)
Lowest Point Pacific Ocean, 0 ft (0 m)
Natural Resources none

map of Tuvalu

Nationality Tuvaluan
Population (July 2016)
Ethnic Groups Polynesian, Micronesian
Religions Church of Tuvalu, Seventh-Day Adventist
Languages Tuvaluan (official), English (official)

Capital Funafuti
Present Constitution Adopted October 1, 1986
Form of Government constitutional monarchy
Chief of State
Queen Elizabeth II (since February 6, 1952); represented by Governor General Iakoba Taeia Italeli (since April 16, 2010)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Enele Sopoaga (since August 5, 2013)
Cabinet appointed by the Governor General on recommendation of the Prime Minister
Legislature unicameral House of Assembly (Fale I Fono)
Judiciary Court of Appeal, High Court
Administrative Divisions 7 island councils, 1 town council

Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Per Capita Income
Industries fishing
Agricultural Products
Export Commodities
copra, fish
Import Commodities
food, animals, mineral fuels, machinery, manufactured goods

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved October 1, 1978
National Holidays
Independence Day, October 1
light blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the outer half of the flag represents a map of the country with nine yellow, five-pointed stars on a blue field symbolizing the nine atolls in the ocean

Queen Elizabeth II

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The Robinson Library >> Tuvalu

This page was last updated on 07/10/2018.