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Kingdom of Tonga

Pule'anga Tonga

Meaning of Name "tonga" means "south" in the Tongan language and refers to the country's geographic position in relation to central Polynesia

Location about two-thirds of the distance from Hawaii to New Zealand

location of Tonga

Total Land Area 277 sq mi (717 sq km)
Highest Point unnamed elevation on Kao Island; 3,389 ft (1,033 m)
Lowest Point Pacific Ocean, 0 ft (0 m)
Natural Resources arable land

map of Tonga

Nationality Tongan
Population (July 2016)
106,513
Ethnic Groups Tongan
Religions Protestant, Roman Catholic
Languages Tongan (official), English (official)

Capital Nuku'alofa
Present Constitution Adopted November 4, 1875
Form of Government constitutional monarchy
Chief of State
King Tupou VI (since March 18, 2012)
Head of Government
Prime Minister 'Akilisi Pohiva (since December 30, 2014)
Cabinet nominated by the Prime Minister and appointed by the King
Legislature unicameral Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea)
Judiciary Court of Appeals
Administrative Divisions 5 island divisions

Currency pa'anga (TOP)
Per Capita Income
$5,300
Industries tourism, construction, fishing
Agricultural Products
squash, coconuts, copra, bananas, vanilla beans, cocoa, coffee, sweet potatoes, cassava, taro, kava
Export Commodities
squash, fish, vanilla beans, root crops
Import Commodities
foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, chemicals

Independence from a United Kingdom Protectorate Achieved June 4, 1970
National Holidays
King's Official Birthday, 4 July (1959); Constitution Day (National Day), 4 November (1875)
Flag
the cross reflects the deep-rooted Christianity in Tonga; red represents the blood of Christ and his sacrifice; white signifies purity

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Australia/Oceania >> Tonga

This page was last updated on 06/04/2017.