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Republic of Kiribati

Origin of Name "kiribati" is the local pronunciation of "Gilberts," the former name of the island group

Location three groups of islands in the South Pacific Ocean (Gilbert, Phoenix, and Line)


Total Area 313 sq mi (811 sq km)
Highest Point
unnamed elevation on Banaba; 266 ft (81 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources
phosphate, copra


Nationality I-Kiribati
Population (July 2015 est)
Ethnic Groups
Religions Roman Catholic, Kempsville Presbyterian Church, Mormon, Baha'i, Seventh Day Adventist
Languages I-Kiribati, English (official)

Capital Tarawa
Present Constitution Adopted July
Form of Government
presidential republic
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Taneti Maamau (since March 11, 2016)
Legislature unicameral House of Assembly (
Maneaba Ni Maungatabu)
Judiciary High Court
Administrative Divisions 3 geographic units

Currency Australian dollar
Per Capita Income
fishing, handicrafts
Agricultural Products
copra, breadfruit
Export Commodities
fish, coconut products
Import Commodities
food, machinery and equipment, miscellaneous manufactured goods, fuel

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved July 12, 1979
National Holiday Independence Day; July 12
the upper half is red with a yellow frigatebird flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half is blue with three horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the Pacific ocean; the white stripes represent the three island groups; the 17 rays of the sun represent the 16 Gilbert Islands and Banaba; the frigatebird symbolizes authority and freedom

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The Robinson Library >> Kiribati

This page was last updated on 07/11/2018.