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Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam

map of Vietnam

Location Southeastern Asia
Bordered By
Cambodia, Laos, China

Vietnam on a map of Asia

Area 127,210 sq mi (329,560 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 380 mi (612 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 1,030 mi (1,657 km)
Coastline 2,139 mi (3,444 km)
Highest Point Fan Si Pan, 10,312 ft (3,144 m)
Lowest Point South China Sea coast
, 0 ft (0 m)
Natural Resources phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower

Nationality Vietnamese
Population (2015 est)
94,348,835
Largest Cities Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi
Ethnic Groups Kinh (Viet), Tay, Thai, Muong, Khome, Hoa, Nun, Hmong, others
Religions Buddhist, Catholic, Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, Protestant, Muslim (vast majority of population claims no religious affiliation)
Languages Vietnamese (official), English, French, Chinese, Khymer, mountain area languages

Capital Hanoi
Form of Government Communist state
Present Constitution Adopted April 15, 1992
Chief of State
President Tran Dai Quang (since April 2, 2016)
Head of Government Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung (since June 27, 2006)
Cabinet Cabinet appointed by President based on proposal of Prime Minister and confirmed by National Assembly
Legislature unicameral National Assembly (Quoc Hoi)
Judiciary
Supreme People's Court
Administrative Divisions
58 provinces and 5 municipalities

Currency Dong
Per Capita Income
$3,500
Industries food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building, mining, coal, steel, cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, paper
Agricultural Products paddy rice, coffee, rubber, cotton, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; poultry, fish, seafood
Export Commodities crude oil, marine products, rice, coffee, rubber, tea, garments, shoes
Import Commodities machinery and equipment, petroleum products, fertilizer, steel products, raw cotton, grain, cement, motorcycles

Independence from France Achieved September 2, 1945
National Holiday Independence Day, September 2
Flag red with a large yellow five-pointed star in the center; red symbolizes revolution and blood, the five-pointed star represents the five elements of the populace -- peasants, workers, intellectuals, traders, and soldiers -- that unite to build socialism

flag of Vietnam

SEE ALSO
Cambodia
Laos
China
France

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Vietnam

This page was last updated on June 28, 2017.