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Lao People's Democratic Republic

Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao

Location Southeastern Asia
Bordered By
Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Burma, China

map of Laos

Total Area 91,429 sq mi (236,800 sq km)
Greatest Distance NE-SW 315 mi (510 km)
Greatest Distance NW-SE 650 mi (1,046 km)
Highest Point Mount Bia; 9,242 ft (2,817 m)
Lowest Point Mekong River; 230 ft (70 m)
Natural Resources
timber, hydropower, gypsum, tin, gold, gemstones

Nationality Laotian
Population (2016)
Largest Cities Vientiane
Ethnic Groups Lao,
Khmou, Hmong
Religions Buddhist
Languages Lao (official), French, English

Capital Vientiane
Form of Government communist
Current Constitution Adopted
August 14, 1991
Chief of State
President Bounnyang Vorachit (since April 20, 2016)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulit (since April 20, 2016)
Council of Ministers appointed by the President
unicameral National Assembly
People's Supreme Court, People's Provincial and Municipal Courts, People's District Courts, Military Courts
Local Administration
17 provinces (
khoueng) and 1 capital city

Currency Riel
Per Capita Income
mining (copper, tin, gold, and gypsum); timber, electric power, agricultural processing, rubber, construction, garments, cement, tourism
Agricultural Products
sweet potatoes, vegetables, corn, coffee, sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, tea, peanuts, rice, cassava; water buffalo, pigs, cattle, poultry
Export Commodities
wood products, coffee, electricity, tin, copper, gold, cassava
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, vehicles, fuel, consumer goods

Independence from France Achieved July 19, 1949
National Holiday
Republic Day, December 2 (1975)
three horizontal bands of red, blue, and red with a large white disk centered in the blue band; the red bands recall the blood shed for liberation; the blue band represents the Mekong River and prosperity; the white disk symbolizes the full moon against the Mekong River, but also signifies the unity of the people under the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, as well as the country's bright future

flag of Laos


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The Robinson Library >> Laos

This page was last updated on June 14, 2018.