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  General and Old World HistoryAsiaSingapore

map of SingaporeRepublic of Singapore

Origin of Name from the Sanskrit words "singa" (lion) and "pura" (city), to describe the city's lion symbol

Location archipelago in the strait between Malaysia and Indonesia
Area 269 sq mi (697 sq km)
Highest Point Bukit Timah; 545 ft (166 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources

Nationality Singaporean
Population (July 2015 est)
Largest Cities Singapore
Ethnic Groups
Chinese, Malay, Indian
Buddhist, Muslim, Taoist, Christian, Hindu
Mandarin, English, Malay (all official)

Capital Singapore
Form of Government parliamentary republic
Present Constitution Adopted December 22, 1965
Chief of State President Tony Tan Keng Yan (since September 1, 2011)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong (since August 12, 2004)
appointed by President
unicameral Parliament
Supreme Court

Currency dollar (SGD)
Per Capita Income
electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepot trade
Agricultural Products
orchids, vegetables; poultry, eggs; fish, ornamental fish
Export Commodities
machinery and equipment (including electronics and telecommunications), pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, refined petroleum products, foodstuffs and beverages
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Independence from Malaysian Federation Achieved August 9, 1965
National Holiday
National Day; August 9
red denotes brotherhood and equality; white signifies purity and virtue; the waxing crescent moon symbolizes a young nation on the ascendancy; the five stars represent the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice, and equality

flag of Singapore


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  The Robinson Library > General and Old World History > Asia > Singapore

This page was last updated on 03/04/2016.

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