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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Philippines >> General Information
Republic of the Philippines

Republika ng Pilipinas

Location archipelago of over 7,000 islands between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea

Philippines on the map

Total Area 115,831 sq mi (300,000 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 688 mi (1,107 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 1,152 mi (1,854 km)
Coastline 14,400 mi (23,175 km)
Highest Point Mount Apo, 9,692 ft (2,954 m)
Lowest Point Philippine Sea coast
, 0 ft (0 m)
Natural Resources timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper

map of the Philippines

Nationality Filipino
Population (July 2016 est)
102,624,209
Largest Cities Manila, Quezon City
Ethnic Groups Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Bisaya/Binisaya, Hiligaynon, Ilonggo, Bikol, Waray
Religions Roman Catholic, Muslim, Evangelical
Languages Filipino (official), English (official), ethnic dialects

Capital Manila
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted February 2, 1987
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Rodrigo Duterte (since June 30, 2016)
Cabinet appointed by the President
Legislature bicameral Congress (Kongreso)
Judiciary
Supreme Court; Courtof Appeals; Sandigan-bayan
Administrative Divisions
81 provinces and 136 chartered cities

Currency Philippine Peso
Per Capita Income
$7,300
Industries electronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing
Agricultural Products sugarcane, coconuts, rice, corn, bananas, cassava, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, beef, fish
Export Commodities semiconductors, electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, fruits
Import Commodities electronic products, mineral fuels, machinery, transport equipment, iron and steel, textile fabrics, grains, chemicals, plastics

Independence from Spain Achieved June 12, 1898
Independence from the United States Achieved July 4, 1946
National Holiday Independence Day; June 12
Flag two equal horizontal bands of blue and red; white equilateral triangle based on the hoist side represents equality; yellow sun with eight primary rays in the triangle -- each ray represents one of the first eight provinces that sought independence from Spain; each corner of the triangle contains a small, yellow, five-pointed star representing the three major geographical divisions of the country -- Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao

flag of the Philippines

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Philippines >> General Information

This page was last updated on April 11, 2017.