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Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Islami Jamhuriyah e Pakistan

Origin of Name The name Pakistan literally means "Land of the Pure" in Urdu and Persian. It was coined in 1933 as Pakstan by Choudhry Rahmat Ali, a Pakistan Movement activist, who published it in his pamphlet Now or Never.

Location Southern Asia
Bordered By
Iran, Afghanistan, China, India

map of PakistanPakistan on a map of AsiaArea 310,404 sq mi (803,943 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 800 mi (1,287 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 935 mi (1,505 km)
Coastline 506 mi (814 km)
Highest Point K2 (Mount Godwin-Austen), 28,250 ft (8,611 m)
Lowest Point Indian Ocean coast
, sea level
Natural Resources natural gas, petroleum, coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

Nationality Pakistani
Population (July 2015)
199,085,847
Largest Cities Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad
Ethnic Groups Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir
Religions Muslim
Languages Punjabi, Sindhi, Siraiki, Pashtu, Urdu (official), Balochi, Hindko, Brahui, English (official), Burushaski

Capital Islamabad
Form of Government federal republic
Present Constitution Adopted December 31, 2003 (suspended November 3, 2007)
Chief of State
President Mamnoon Hussain (since September 9, 2013)
Head of Government Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif (since June 5, 2013)
Cabinet Cabinet appointed by the Prime Minister
Legislature bicameral Parliament (Majlis-e-Shoora)
Judiciary
Supreme Court, Federal Islamic (Shari'a) Court
Administrative Divisions
4 provinces, 1 territory, 1 capital territory

Currency Pakistani Rupee
Per Capita Income
$3,100
Industries textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp
Agricultural Products cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs
Export Commodities textiles, rice, leather goods, sports goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs
Import Commodities petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea

Independence from British India Achieved August 14, 1947
National Holiday Republic Day, March 23 (1956)
Flag green with a vertical white band on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam

flag of Pakistan

SEE ALSO
Iran
Afghanistan
China
India

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Pakistan

This page was last updated on January 26, 2017.