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  General and Old World HistoryAsiaNepal


Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Sanghiya Laktantrik Ganatantra Nepal

map of Nepallocation of NepalLocation southwestern Asia
Bordered By
India, China
Area 54,362 sq mi (140,797 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 500 mi (805km)
Greatest Distance N-S 150 mi (241 km)
Highest Point
Mount Everest; 29,028 ft (8,848 m)
Lowest Point
unnamed location; 150 ft (46 m)
Natural Resources quartz, hydropower, lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

Nationality Nepali
Population (July 2015 est)
31,551,305
Largest Cities Kathmandu
Ethnic Groups Chhettri, Brahman-Hill, Magar, Tharu, Tamang, Newar, Kami, Muslim, Yadav, Rai, Gurung, Damai/Dholii, Thakuri, Limbu, Sarki, Teli, Chamar/Harijan/Ram, Koiri/Kushwaha
Religions Hindu, Buddhist
Languages Nepali (official), Maithali, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang, Newar, Magar, Bajjika, Urdu, Avadhi, Limbu, Gurung

Capital Kathmandu
Form of Government federal democratic republic
Present Constitution Adopted September 15, 2015
Chief of State
President Bidhya Devi Bhandari (since October 29, 2015)
Head of Government Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Oli (since October 12, 2015)
Cabinet Council of Ministers appointed by the Prime Minister
Legislature unicameral Constituent Assembly (Sambidhan Sabha)
Judiciary
Supreme Court
Administrative Divisions
14 zones (anchal)

Currency rupee (NPR)
Per Capita Income
$2,400
Industries tourism, carpets, textiles; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production
Agricultural Products pulses, rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, jute, root crops; milk, water buffalo meat
Export Commodities clothing, pulses, carpets, textiles, juice, jute goods
Import Commodities petroleum products, machinery and equipment, gold, electrical goods, medicine

flag of NepalKingdom Unified 1768
National Holiday Republic Day; May 28 (2008, the abdication of Gyanendra Shah, the last Nepalese monarch, and the establishment of a federal republic)
Flag red with a blue border around two overlapping right triangles; the smaller, upper triangle bears a white stylized moon and the larger, lower triangle displays a white 12-pointed sun; the color red represents the rhododendron (Nepal's national flower) and is a sign of victory and bravery, the blue border signifies peace and harmony; the two right triangles are a combination of two single pennants that originally symbolized the Himalaya Mountains while their charges represented the families of the King (upper) and the Prime Minister, but today they are understood to denote Hinduism and Buddhism, the country's two main religions; the moon represents the serenity of the Nepalese people and the shade and cool weather in the Himalayas, while the sun depicts the heat and higher temperatures of the lower parts of Nepal; the moon and the sun are also said to express the hope that the nation will endure as long as these heavenly bodies


India
China

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This page was last updated on 09/26/2016.

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