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Mongolia Facts and Figures

map of Mongolia

Location eastern Asia
Bordered By Russia,

Area 604,250 sq mi (1,565,000 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 1,500 mi (2,414 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 790 mi (1,271 km)
Highest Point
Nayramadlin Orgil, 14,350 ft (4,374 m)
Lowest Point Hoh Nuur
, 1,837 ft (560 m)
Natural Resources oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron

Nationality Mongolian
Population (July 2016)
Largest Cities Ulaanbaatar
Ethnic Groups Mongol
Religions Lamaist Buddhist
Languages Khalka Mongol (official)

Capital Ulaanbaatar
Form of Government parliamentary
Present Constitution Adopted January 13, 1992
Chief of State
President Khaltmaa Battulga (since July 10, 2017)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Jargaltulga Erdenebat (since July 7, 2016)
Cabinet nominated by the Prime Minister and confirmed by parliament
Legislature unicameral State Great Hural
Supreme Court, Constitutional Court
Administrative Divisions
21 provinces (aymguud) and 1 municipality (hot)

Currency Togrog
Per Capita Income
Industries construction and construction materials; mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, and gold); oil; food and beverages; processing of animal products, cashmere and natural fiber manufacturing
Agricultural Products wheat, barley, vegetables, forage crops; sheep, goats, cattle, camels, horses
Export Commodities copper, apparel, livestock, animal products, cashmere, wool, hides, fluorspar, other nonferrous metals, coal, crude oil
Import Commodities machinery and equipment, fuel, cars, food products, industrial consumer goods, chemicals, building materials, cigarettes and tobacco, appliances, soap and detergent

Independence from China Achieved July 11, 1921
National Holiday Independence Day, July 11
Flag three equal, vertical bands of red, blue, and red; centered on the hoist-side red band in yellow is the national emblem ("soyombo" -- a columnar arrangement of abstract and geometric representation for fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the yin-yang symbol); blue represents the sky, red symbolizes progress and prosperity

flag of Mongolia


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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Mongolia

This page was last updated on 10/02/2017.