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Republic of Cyprus

Kypriaki Dimokratia (Greek), Kibris Çumhuriyeti (Turkish)

map of Cyprus

Location an island in the Mediterranean Sea, just south of Turkey

location of Cyprus

Area 3,572 sq mi (9,251 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 128 mi (206 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 75 mi (121 km)
Highest Point Mount Olympus; 6,403 ft (1,952 m)
Lowest Point Mediterranean coast; sea level
Natural Resources copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

Nationality Cypriot
Population (July 2013 est)
1,155,403
Largest Cities Nicosia
Ethnic Groups Greek, Turkish
Religions Greek Orthodox, Muslim
Languages Greek, Turkish, English

Capital Nicosia (Lefkosia)
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted August 16, 1960
Chief of State and Head of Government
P
resident Nicos Anastasiades (since February 28, 2013)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers appointed jointly by the President and Vice-President
Legislature
unicameral House of Representatives (Vouli Antiprosopon)
Judiciary
Supreme Court
Local Administration
6 districts

Currency Euro (Turkish New Lira in area administered by Turkish Cypriots)
Per Capita Income
$27,100
Industries tourism, food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum production, ship repair and refurbishment, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone and clay products
Agricultural Products
citrus, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives, vegetables; poultry, pork, lamb; dairy, cheese
Export Commodities citrus, potatoes, pharmaceuticals, cement, clothing, cigarettes
Import Commodities consumer goods, petroleum and lubricants, intermediate goods, machinery, transport equipment

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved August 16, 1960
National Holiday Independence Day, October 1
Flag white with a copper-colored silhouette of the island (the name Cyprus is derived from the Greek word for copper) above two green crossed olive branches in the center of the flag; the branches symbolize the hope for peace and reconciliation between the Greek and Turkish communities

flag of Cyprus

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Cyprus

This page was last updated on September 22, 2017.