Federation of Malaya
an independent nation on August 31, 1957, after
83 years of British rule.
A constitutional monarchy within the
British Commonwealth of Nations, the government
of Malaya was based on parliamentary democracy
with a bicameral legislature. Sir Abdul Rahman
Ibni al-Marhum, King of the State of Negri
Sembilan, was elected by his fellow monarchs to a
five-year term as Paramount Ruler. Power in the
government rested with Prime Minister Tengku
(Prince) Abdul Rahman.
Right: Malaya's Paramount
Ruler and his consort.
The most serious problem faced
by the new nation's government was the Communist
terrorist war that had been raging for nine
years. On September 3, a new amnesty offer, good
until the end of the year, was extended to the
In the Year 1957
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