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Republic of Lebanon

al-Jumhouriya al-Lubnaniya

Location Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea
Bordered By
Israel, Syria

Lebanon on the map

map of Lebanon

Area 4,015 sq mi (10,400 sq km)
Distance E-W 25-50 mi (40-80 km)
Distance N-S ~135 mi (217 km)
Highest Point Qurnat as Sawda, 10,115 ft (3,083 m)
Lowest Point Mediterranean Sea
, 0 ft (0 m)
Natural Resources limestone, iron ore, salt, arable land

Nationality Lebanese
Population (July 2016)
Largest Cities Beirut, Tripoli
Ethnic Groups Arab, Armenian
Religions Muslim, Christian
Languages Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian

Capital Beirut
Form of Government Republic
Present Constitution Adopted May 23, 1926
Charter of Lebanese National Reconciliation October 1989
Chief of State
President Michel Awn (since October 31, 2016)
Head of Government Prime Minister Saad al-Hariri (since December 18, 2016)
Cabinet Cabinet chosen by Prime Minister in consultation with President and National Assembly
Legislature unicameral National Assembly (Majlis Alnuwab)
Courts of Cassation; Constitutional Council; Supreme Court
Administrative Divisions
8 governorates

Currency Lebanese Pound
Per Capita Income
Industries banking, tourism, food processing, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating
Agricultural Products citrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco; sheep, goats
Export Commodities authentic jewelry, inorganic chemicals, miscellaneous consumer goods, fruit, tobacco, construction minerals, electric power machinery and switchgear, textile fibers, paper
Import Commodities petroleum, cars, medicinal products, clothing, meat and live animals, consumer goods, paper, textile fabrics, tobacco

Independence Achieved November 22, 1943
From League of Nations mandate under French administration
National Holiday Independence Day, November 22
Flag three horizontal stripes of red, white, and red, with a green cedar tree (a traditional symbol of Lebanon) centered in the white band

flag of Lebanon


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The Robinson Library >> Lebanon

This page was last updated on 06/14/2018.