The Robinson Library
The Robinson Library >> Korea
Republic of Korea


map of South Korea

Location far eastern Asia
Bordered By North Korea

Area 38,025 sq mi (98,484 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S 300 mi (480 km)
Greatest Distance E-W
185 mi (298 km)
Coastline 819 mi (1,318 km)
Highest Point Halla-san, 6,398 ft (1,950 m)
Lowest Point
sea level
Natural Resources coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential

Nationality Korean
Population (July 2015 est)
Largest Cities Seoul, Pusan
Ethnic Groups Korean
Religions Christian, Buddhist
Languages Korean, English

Capital Seoul
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted July 17, 1948
Chief of State Acting
President Hwang Kyo-ahn (since December 9, 2016)
Head of Government Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn (since June 18, 2015)
Cabinet State Council appointed by the President
Legislature unicameral National Assembly (Kuk Hoe)
Supreme Court, Constitutional Court
Administrative Divisions
9 provinces (do), 1 special city (gwangteoksi), 1 self-governing city (teugbyeolsi), 1 special self-governing city (teukbyeoljachisi)

Currency South Korean Won
Per Capita Income
Industries electronics, telecommunications, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel
Agricultural Products rice, root crops, barley, vegetables, fruit; cattle, pigs, chickens, milk, eggs; fish
Export Commodities semiconductors, wireless telecommunications equipment, motor vehicles, computers, steel, ships, petrochemicals
Import Commodities machinery, electronics and electronic equipment, oil, steel, transport equipment, organic chemicals, plastics

Independence Achieved August 15, 1945
From Japan
National Holiday Liberation Day, August 15
Flag white with a red and blue yin-yang symbol in the center; there is a different black trigram from the ancient I Ching (Book of Changes) in each corner of the white field; the Korean national flag is called Taegukki; white is a traditional Korean color and represents peace and purity; the blue section represents the negative cosmic forces of the yin, while the red symbolizes the opposite positive forces of the yang; each trigram (kwae) denotes one of the four universal elements, which together express the principle of movement and harmony

flag of South Korea


Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> Korea

This page was last updated on 07/19/2018.