Minister of Israel
Chronology of His
Life and Career
February 27, 1928
Ariel Scheinermann born in Kafr Malal, Palestine.
the Haganah underground.
Participated in the First Palestinian War.
Served as an intelligence officer in the Central
and North commands.
and led a special commando unit which carried out
retaliatory operations against Palestinian fedayeen.
a paratroop corps during the Suez-Sinai War,
during which he acted against orders to try and
conquer the Mitla Pass, causing many casualties
on the Israeli side.
1957 Sent to
Camberley Staff College in Great
Served as Infantry Brigade Commander and then
Infantry School Commander.
his LL.B in law from Hebrew University.
head of the Northern Command Staff.
head of the Army Training Department.
to Brigadier General.
June 1967 Commanded a division
during the Six-Day War.
head of the Southern Command Staff.
June 1972 Left
the army with rank of Major-General and joined
the Gahal party. Subsequently active in formation
of the Likud party.
Recalled to active military service to
successfully command an armored division in the
Yom Kippur War, during which he led the
successful crossing of the Suez Canal.
Elected to the Knesset.
from the Knesset to take a senior emergency
position in the military reserves.
Security Adviser to Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
the Shlomzion party, which subsequently secured
two seats in the Knesset in 1977.
the Shlomzion with the Herut faction of the Likud
Minister of Agriculture in the government of
Menachem Begin. Pursued agricultural cooperation
with Egypt and
expanded Israeli settlement activity in the West
Bank and Gaza Strip.
Defense Minister -- Instrumental in renewing
diplomatic relations with the African nations
which had broken off ties with Israel during the
Yom Kippur War; widened defense ties between
Israel and many nations; brought about the first
strategic cooperation agreement with the U.S., in
November 1981; and helped bring thousands of Jews
through Sudan. Forced
to resign on February 13, 1983, after an
investigation committee found him indirectly
responsible for the September 1982 massacre of
Palestinians at the Sabra and Shatila refugee
camps by Lebanese Phalangists.
election as leader of Likud.
Minister of Trade and Industry in the government
of Shimon Peres. Concluded a Free Trade Agreement
with the U.S. in 1985. His resignation led to the
destablization and subsequent overthrow of
Minister of Housing and Chairman of the
Ministerial Committee on Immigration and
Absorption in goverment of Yitzhak Shamir.
Accelerated building projects in occupied
territory in order to accomodate waves of
immigrants from Russia after
the fall of the Soviet Union. Resigned after the
defeat of Likud in elections.
Member of the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense
of National Infrastructure and Chairman of the
Ministerial Committee for Bedouin Advancement.
Involved in fostering joint ventures with Jordan, Egypt, and
October 9, 1998-May 27,
1999 Foreign Minister in government of Benjamin
Netanyahu. Headed the
permanent status negotiations with Palestinian
Authority, and met with U.S., European,
Palestinian and Arab leaders to advance the peace
May 27, 1999
Became leader of Likud upon the resignation of
Netanyahu. Elected Chairman in September.
May 27, 1999-February
6, 2001 Member of the Foreign Affairs
and Defense Committee in the Knesset.
February 6, 2001 Became
Prime Minister in a landslide election, defeating
Ehud Barak with nearly 60% of votes cast. He
proposed a coalition government with Barak as
Defense Minister, but Barak declined.
Following several Palestinian terrorist attacks
on Israeli civilians, ordered the destruction of
Palestinian infrastructure, the killing of both
terrorists and civilians, and stripping of the
powers of Yasser Arafat.
February 2, 2004
Declared a plan to remove all Jewish settlers
from Gaza Strip. More than 8,500 settlers were
evacuated between August 16 and 30, 2005. Israeli
soldiers left Gaza on September 11, 2005, ending
a 38-year presence.
November 20, 2005
Resigned from Likud in protest of the decision by
Labour Party leader Amir Perez to leave the
coalition government, as well as opposition
within his own party against peace initiatives
toward Palestinians. Formed a new centrist party,
December 18, 2005
Suffered a minor stroke.
January 4, 2006
Suffered a serious hemorrhagic stroke, with
bleeding in the brain. He subsequently underwent
surgery to stop the bleeding, but went into an
induced coma. Deputy Prime Minister Ehud Olmert
became acting Prime Minister, and was
subsequently elected Prime Minister in a special
January 11, 2013 Die
at Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer (a suburb
of Tel Aviv).
Encyclopedia of the Orient lexicorient.com/e.o/sharon_ariel.htm
Jewish Virtual Library www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/sharon.html
MidEast Web www.mideastweb.org/bio-sharon.htm
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