On February 14, in Amman,
Jordan, Iraqi King Faisal II and his second
Hussein of Jordan, signed an agreement for
the union of their two countries as the Arab
Federated State (later changed to the Arab
Union). Faisal became chief of the Federated
State, but each king retained sovereignty in his
own country and Hussein was empowered to replace
Faisal if the need arose. The Iraqi Parliament
ratified the agreement on February 17, and on
March 3 Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri as Said formed
a new government. The Cabinet approved the new
federal constitution on March 18, and on March 27
Parliament was dissolved. Elections, held on May
5, gave Nuri's supporters a sweeping victory and
on May 18 Nuri was proclaimed the Federal Prime
On July 14 the army overthrew the Nuri
government. King Faisal, Crown Prince Abdul Illah
(his uncle and former regent), and other members
of the royal family were killed. Nuri escaped the
initial violence but was killed a few days later.
The revolution was led by Brigadier General Abdul
Karim el-Kassem, who named himself the new
Premier of Iraq.
Sayed Fahmy (left), United Arab Republic
ambassador to Iraq, grips the arm of Iraqi
Premier Abdul Karim el-Kassem at a meeting at the
Iraqi war ministry in Baghdad in August.
rebel soldier stands guard over paintings and
household goods taken from the palace of the
assassinated Kin Faisal in Baghdad.
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