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Iraq in 1958

On February 14, in Amman, Jordan, Iraqi King Faisal II and his second cousin, King Hussein of Jordan, signed an agreement for the union of their two countries as the Arab Federated State (later changed to the Arab Union). Faisal became chief of the Federated State, but each king retained sovereignty in his own country and Hussein was empowered to replace Faisal if the need arose. The Iraqi Parliament ratified the agreement on February 17, and on March 3 Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri as Said formed a new government. The Cabinet approved the new federal constitution on March 18, and on March 27 Parliament was dissolved. Elections, held on May 5, gave Nuri's supporters a sweeping victory and on May 18 Nuri was proclaimed the Federal Prime Minister.

On July 14 the army overthrew the Nuri government. King Faisal, Crown Prince Abdul Illah (his uncle and former regent), and other members of the royal family were killed. Nuri escaped the initial violence but was killed a few days later. The revolution was led by Brigadier General Abdul Karim el-Kassem, who named himself the new Premier of Iraq.

Sayed Fahmy (left), United Arab Republic ambassador to Iraq, grips the arm of Iraqi Premier Abdul Karim el-Kassem at a meeting at the Iraqi war ministry in Baghdad in August.
Kassem and UAR Ambassador Sayed Fahmy

A rebel soldier stands guard over paintings and household goods taken from the palace of the assassinated King Faisal in Baghdad.
palace goods

King Hussein

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The Robinson Library >> Iraq

This page was last updated on 07/14/2018.