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Republic of Indonesia

Republik Indonesia

map of Indonesia

Location an archipelago between Southeast Asia and Australia consisting of more than 13,600 islands

Indonesia on a map

Bordered By Malaysia, Papua New Guinea
Area 741,034 sq mi (1,919,270 sq km)
Highest Point Puncak Jaya; 16,503 ft (5,030 m)
Lowest Point sea level along the coasts
Natural Resources petroleum, tin, bauxite, coal, copper, manganese, natural gas, nickel, gold, silver, sulfur

Nationality Indonesian
Population (July 2016 est)
258,316,051
Largest Cities
Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, Bekasi, Medan
Ethnic Groups Javanese, Sundanese, other native islanders
Religions Muslim, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Hindu
Languages
Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, local dialects

Capital Jakarta
Present Constitution Adopted
August 1945
Form of Government
republic
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Joko Widodo (since October 20, 2014)
Cabinet
appointed by the President
Legislature
People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat) and House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat)
Judiciary
Supreme Court (Mahkamah Agung), Constitutional Court (Mahkamah Konstitusi)
Local Administration
30 provinces (provinsi), 2 special regions (
daerah-daerah istimewa), 1 special capital city district (daerah khusus ibukota)

Currency Indonesian Rupiah
Per Capita Income
$5,000
Industries
petroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism
Agricultural Products
rice, cassava, peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra; poultry, beef, pork, eggs
Export Commodities
oil and gas, electrical appliances, plywood, textiles, rubber
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs

Independence from Netherlands Declared August 17, 1945
National Holiday Independence Day, August 17
Flag
two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; the colors derive from the banner of the Majapahit Empire of the 13th-15th centuries; red symbolizes courage, white represents purity

flag of Indonesia

SEE ALSO
Malaysia
Papua New Guinea

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Indonesia

This page was last updated on 02/18/2017.