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Republic of India


Location southern Asia
Bordered By
Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Bangladesh

India on a map of Asia

map of India

Area 1,269,346 sq mi (3,287,590 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W ~1,700 mi (2,740 km)
Greatest Distance N-S ~2,000 mi (3,200 km)
Comparative Area slightly more than one-third the size of the United States
Coastline 4,252 mi (6,843 km)
Highest Point Kanchenjunga; 28,209 ft (8,598 m)
Natural Resources coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land

Nationality Indian
Population (2017) 1,281,935,911
Largest Cities Mumbai (Bombay), Delhi, Kolkata (Calcutta), Madras, Hyderabad, Bangalore
Ethnic Groups Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Mongoloid
Religions Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh
Languages Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Sanskirt (all official)

Capital New Delhi
Form of Government
federal republic
Present Constitution Adopted January 26, 1950
Chief of State
President Ram Nath Kovind (since July 25, 2017)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Narendra Modi (since May 26, 2014)
Cabinet appointed by the President on recommendation of the Prime Minister
bicameral Parliament (Sansad)
Supreme Court
Local Administration
29 states and 7 union territories

Currency Indian Rupee
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries
textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software
Principal Agricultural Products
rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry, fish
Principal Export Commodities
textile goods, gems and jewelry, engineering goods, chemicals, leather manufactures
Principal Import Commodities

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved August 15, 1947
National Holiday Republic Day, January 26
Flag three equal horizontal bands of saffron (representing courage and sacrifice), white (truth and purity) and green (faith and chivalry), with the Dharma Chakra (Wheel of Law) centered in the white band

flag of India

See Also

Mumbai (Bombay)
Kolkata (Calcutta)
New Delhi

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The Robinson Library >> India >> General Information

This page was last updated on September 27, 2018.