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Brunei Darussalam

Negara Brunei Darussalam

Location Malaysian archipelago
Bordered By

Brunei in Asia

map of Brunei

Area 5,765 sq mi (2,226 sq km)
Coastline 75 mi (121 km)
Highest Point Bukit Pagon, 6,069 ft (1,850 m)
Lowest Point South China Sea coast
, 0 ft (0 m)
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, timber

Nationality Bruneian
Population (June 2015 est)
Largest Cities Bandar Seri Begawan
Ethnic Groups Malay, Chinese, indigenous
Religions Muslim (official), Buddhist, Christian
Languages Malay (official), English, Chinese

Capital Bandar Seri Begawan
Form of Government constitutional sultanate
Present Constitution Adopted September 29, 1959
Chief of State and Head of Government
Sultan and Prime Minister Sir Hassanal Bolkiah (since October 5, 1967)
Cabinet Council of Cabinet Ministers
Legislature unicameral Legislative Council
Supreme Court
Administrative Divisions
4 districts (daerah)

Currency Bruneian Dollar (BND)
Per Capita Income
Industries petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction, agriculture, transportation
Agricultural Products rice, vegetables, fruits; chickens, water buffalo, cattle, goats, eggs
Export Commodities crude oil, natural gas, garments
Import Commodities iron and steel, motor vehicles, machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, chemicals

Independence from Great Britain Achieved January 1, 1984
National Holiday National Day (independence from British protection), February 23 (1984)
Flag yellow with two diagonal bands of white and black starting from the upper hoist side; the national emblem in red is superimposed at the center; yellow is the color of royalty and symbolizes the sultanate; the white and black bands denote Brunei's chief ministers; the emblem includes five main components -- a swallow-tailed flag, the royal umbrella representing the monarchy, the wings of four feathers symbolizing justice, tranquility, prosperity, and peace, the two upraised hands signifying the government's pledge to preserve and promote the welfare of the people, and the crescent moon denoting Islam, the state religion; the state motto "Always render service with God's guidance" appears in yellow Arabic script on the crescent; a ribbon below the crescent reads "Brunei, the Abode of Peace"

flag of Brunei

Great Britain

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Brunei

This page was last updated on 10/25/2017.