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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Bhutan
Kingdom of Bhutan

Druk Gyalkhap

Location southwestern Asia
Bordered By
India, China

location of Bhutan

Total Area 14,824 sq mi (38,394 sq km)
Highest Point
Gangkar Puensum; 24,836 ft (7,570 m)
Lowest Point
Drangeme Chhu; 318 ft (97 m)
Natural Resources timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbonate

map of Bhutan

Nationality Bhutanese
Population (July 2014 est)
733,643
Largest Cities Thimphu
Ethnic Groups Ngalop, ethnic Nepalese
Religions Lamaistic Buddhist, Hindu
Languages Sharchhopka, Dzongkha (official), Lhotshamkha

Capital Thimphu
Form of Government constitutional monarchy
Present Constitution Adopted July 18, 2008
Chief of State
King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (since December 14, 2006)
Head of Government Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay (since July 2013)
Cabinet Council of Ministers (Lhengye Zhungtshog) nominated by the King in consultation with the Prime Minister and approved by Parliament
Legislature bicameral Parliament (Chi Tshog)
Judiciary
Supreme Court
Administrative Divisions
20 districts (dzongkhag)

Currency ngultrum
Per Capita Income
$7,000
Industries cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism
Agricultural Products rice, corn, root crops, citrus; dairy products, eggs
Export Commodities electricity (to India), ferrosilicon, cement, calcium carbide, copper wire, manganese, vegetable oil
Import Commodities fuel and lubricants, passenger cars, machinery and parts, fabrics, rice

Kingdom Unified 1907
National Holiday National Day; December 17 (the date in 1907 when Ugyen Wangchuck became the first hereditary king)
Flag the dragon, called the Druk (Thunder Dragon), is the emblem of the nation; its white color stands for purity and the jewels in its claws symbolize wealth; the background colors represent spiritual and secular powers within Bhutan: the orange is associated with Buddhism, while the yellow denotes the ruling dynasty

SEE ALSO
India
China

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Bhutan

This page was last updated on 03/06/2017.