The Robinson LibraryTHE ROBINSON LIBRARY
The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Arabian Peninsula >> Qatar
State of Qatar

Dawlat Qatar

Location Arabian Peninsula
Bordered By
Saudi Arabia

map of Qatar

Area 4,247 sq mi (11,437 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 55 mi (89 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 115 mi (185 km)
Coastline mi (563 km)
Highest Point Qurayn Abu al Bawl; ft (103 m)
Lowest Point Persian Gulf coast; sea level
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, fish

Nationality Qatari
Population (July 2014 est)
2,123,160
Largest Cities Doha
Ethnic Groups Arab, Indian, Pakistani, Irani
Religions Muslim, Christian
Languages Arabic (official), English

Capital Doha
Form of Government
emirate
Present Constitution Adopted April 29, 2003
Chief of State
Amir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (since June 25, 2013)
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Abdallah bin Nasir bin Khalifa Al Thani (since June 26, 2013)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch
Legislature
unicameral Advisory Council (Majlis al-Shura)
Judiciary
Courts of First Instance, Apeeal, and Cassation; Administrative Court; Constitutional Court
Local Administration
10 municipalities (baladiyat)

Currency Riyal
Per Capita Income
$103,500
Industries
crude oil production and refining, ammonia, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement, commercial ship repair
Agricultural Products
fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef, fish
Export Commodities
liquefied natural gas, petroleum products, fertilizers, steel
Import Commodities
machinery, transport equipment, food, chemicals

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved September 3, 1971
National Holiday
Independence Day; September 3
Flag
maroon, with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side;
maroon represents the blood shed in Qatari wars, white stands for peace; the nine-pointed serrated edge signifies Qatar as the ninth member of the "reconciled emirates" in the wake of the Qatari-British treaty of 1916

flag of Qatar

SEE ALSO
Saudi Arabia

Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Arabian Peninsula >> Qatar

This page was last updated on September 03, 2017.