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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Arabian Peninsula >> Oman
Sultanate of Oman

Saltanat Uman

map of Oman

Location Arabian Peninsula
Bordered By
Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen

Area 119,499 sq mi (309,500 sq km)
Coastline 970 mi (1,561 km)
Highest Point Jabal Shams; 9,856 ft (3,004 m)
Lowest Point Arabian Sea coast; sea level
Natural Resources
petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas

Nationality Omani
Population (July 2016 est)
Ethnic Groups Arab, Baluchi, South Asian, African
Religions Muslim, Christian, Hindu, Buddhist
Languages Arabic (official),
English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Capital Muscat
Form of Government
absolute monarchy
Present Constitution Adopted November 6, 1996
Chief of State and Head of Government
Sultan Qaboos
bin Said Al-Said (since July 23, 1970)
bicameral Council of Oman (Majlis Oman)
Supreme Court
Local Administration
11 govenorates (

Currency Omani Rial (OMR)
Per Capita Income
crude oil production and refining, natural and liquefied natural gas production; construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals, optic fiber
Agricultural Products
dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables; camels, cattle; fish
Export Commodities
petroleum, reexports, fish, metals, textiles
Import Commodities
machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants

National Holiday National Day, November 18 (1940, the birthday of Sultan Qaboos)
three horizontal bands of white, red, and green of equal width with a broad, vertical, red band on the hoist side; the national emblem (a khanjar dagger in its sheath superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards) in white is centered near the top of the vertical band; white represents peace and prosperity, red recalls battles against foreign invaders, and green symbolizes the Jebel al Akhdar (Green Mountains) and fertility

flag of Oman

Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Arabian Peninsula >> Oman

This page was last updated on September 22, 2017.