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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Arabian Peninsula >> Saudi Arabia
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Al Mamlaka al Arabiya as Saudiya

Location Arabian Peninsula
Bordered By
Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Yemen

map of Saudi Arabia

Area 831,313 sq mi (2,153,090 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 1,290 mi (2,076 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 1,145 mi (1,843 km)
Coastline 1,174 mi (1,889 km)
Highest Point Jabal Sawda'; 10,279 ft (3,133 m)
Lowest Point Persian Gulf coast; sea level
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper

Nationality Saudi
Population (July 2016 est)
28,160,273
Largest Cities Riyadh, Jeddah, Mecca
Ethnic Groups Arab, Afro-Asian
Religions Muslim
Languages Arabic

Capital Riyadh
Form of Government
monarchy
Present Constitution Adopted none
Chief of State and Head of Government
King Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since January 23, 2015)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers appointed by the king
Legislature
Consultative Council (Majlis al-Shura)
Judiciary
Supreme Council of Justice
Local Administration
13 provinces

Currency Riyal
Per Capita Income
$20,700
Industries
crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals, ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide, cement, fertilizer, plastics, metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction
Agricultural Products
wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus; mutton, chickens, eggs, milk
Export Commodities
petroleum and petroleum products
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, motor vehicles, textiles

Unification of the Kingdom Achieved September 23, 1932
National Holiday
Unification of the Kingdom, September 23
Flag
green, a traditional Islamic color, with the Shahada (Muslim creed) in large white Arabic script (translated as "There is no god but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God") above a white horizontal saber (tip pointing to the hoist side)

flag of Saudi Arabia

SEE ALSO
Jordan
Iraq
Kuwait
Qatar
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Arabian Peninsula >> Saudi Arabia

This page was last updated on June 26, 2017.