The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Arabian Peninsula >> Bahrain
Kingdom of Bahrain

Mamiakat al Bahrayn

Location island archipelago just off the east coast of Saudi Arabia

map of Bahrain

Area of Main Island 240 sq mi (622 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W (main island) 26 mi (42 km)
Greatest Distance N-S (main island) 50 mi (80 km)
Coastline (main island) 78 mi (126 km)
Highest Point Jabal ad Dukham; 443 ft (135 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources oil, natural gas

Nationality Bahraini
Population (July 2015 est)
Largest Cities Manama, Al Muharraq, Ar Rifa
Ethnic Groups Bahraini, Asian
Religions Muslim, Christian, Hindu, Buddhist
Languages Arabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu

Capital Manama
Form of Government
constitutional monarchy
Present Constitution Adopted February 14, 2002
Chief of State
King Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa (since March 6, 1999)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Khalifa bin Salman Al-Khalifa (since 1971)
appointed by the monarch
bicameral National Assembly
Court of Cassation, Constitutional Court, High Sharia Court of Appeal
Local Administration
4 governorates (muhafazat)

Currency dinar (BHD)
Per Capita Income
petroleum processing and refining,aluminum smelting, iron pelletization, fertilizers, banking, insurance, ship repair, tourism
Agricultural Products
fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products
Export Commodities
petroleum and petroleum products, aluminum, textiles
Import Commodities
crude oil, machinery, chemicals

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved August 15, 1971
National Holiday
National Day; December 16 (1971, the date Bahrain became independent of British protection)
red, the traditional color for flags of Persian Gulf states, with a white serrated band (five white points) on the hoist side; the five points represent the five pillars of Islam [until 2002 the flag had eight white points, but this was reduced to five to avoid confusion with the Qatari flag]
Meaning of Name al-Bahrayn is Arabic for "the two seas"

flag of Bahrain

Saudi Arabia

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Arabian Peninsula >> Bahrain

This page was last updated on September 02, 2017.