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  General and Old World HistoryAsiaAfghanistan
 
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Afghanestan

map of Afghanistanlocation of AfghanistanLocation southern Asia
Bordered By
Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China, Pakistan

Area 250,000 sq mi (647,500 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 820 mi (1,320 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 630 mi (1,012 km)
Highest Point Nowshak; 24,557 ft (7,485 m)
Lowest Point Amu Darya; 846 ft (258 m)
Natural Resources natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones

Nationality Afghan
Population (July 2015 est)
32,564,342
Largest Cities Kabul
Ethnic Groups Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimak, Turkmen, Baloch
Religions Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim
Languages Afghan Persian (official), Pashto (official), Turkic languages, minor languages

Capital Kabul
Form of Government Islamic republic
Present Constitution Adopted December 14, 2003
Chief of State and Head of Government
President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai (since September 29, 2014)
Cabinet
appointed by President
Legislature
bicameral National Assembly
Judiciary
Supreme Court (Stera Mahkama), High Courts, Appeals Courts
Local Administration
34 provinces (velayat)

Currency Afghani
Per Capita Income
$1,900
Industries
small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement, handwoven carpets, natural gas, coal, copper
Agricultural Products
opium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins
Export Commodities opium, fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems
Import Commodities capital goods, food, textiles, petroleum products

Independence from Great Britain Achieved August 19, 1919
National Holiday
Independence Day, August 19
Flag
three equal vertical bands of black, red, and green, with the national emblem in white centered on the red band and slightly overlapping the other two bands;
the center of the emblem features a mosque with pulpit and flags on either side, below the mosque are numerals for the solar year 1298 (1919 in the Gregorian calendar, the year of Afghan independence from the UK); this central image is circled by a border consisting of sheaves of wheat on the left and right, in the upper-center is an Arabic inscription of the Shahada (Muslim creed) below which are rays of the rising sun over the Takbir (Arabic expression meaning "God is great"), and at bottom center is a scroll bearing the name Afghanistan; black signifies the past, red is for the blood shed for independence, and green can represent either hope for the future, agricultural prosperity, or Islam

flag of Afghanistan


Iran
China
Pakistan
Great Britain

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  The Robinson Library > General and Old World History > Asia > Afghanistan

This page was last updated on 09/08/2015.

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