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Republic of Zambia

Location southern Africa
Bordered By Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia

Area 290,587 sq mi (752,618 sq km)
Greatest Distance East-West 900 mi (1,448 km)
Greatest Distance North-South 700 mi (1,127 km)
Highest Point unnamed elevation in the Mafinga Hills; 7,549 ft (2,301 m)
Lowest Point Zambezi River; 1,079 ft (329 m)
Natural Resources copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower

Nationality Zambian
Population (2016)
Largest Cities Lusaka (1,267,440), Kitwe (400,914), Ndola (394,518), Kabwe (188,979), Chingola (148,564)
Ethnic Groups Bemba, Tonga, Chewa, Lozi, Nsenga, Tumbuka, Ngoni, Lala, Kaonde, Namwanga, Lunda, Mambwe, Luvale, Lamba, Ushi, Lenje, Bisa, Mbunda
Principal Languages over 70 tribal languages
Principal Religions Protestant, Roman Catholic

Capital Lusaka
Form of Government
presidential republic
Current Constitution Adopted
August 24, 1991
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Edgar Lungu (since January 25, 2015)
chosen by the President from among members of the National Assembly
unicameral National Assembly
Supreme Court, Constitutional Court
Local Administration
10 provinces

Unit of Currency kwacha (ZMK)
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries
copper mining and processing, emerald mining, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture
Agricultural Products
corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seeds, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava, coffee; cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides
Principal Exports
copper, cobalt, electricity, tobacco, flowers, cotton
Principal Imports
machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, fertilizer, foodstuffs, clothing

Origin of Name from the Zambezi River
Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved
October 24, 1964
National Holiday
Independence Day, October 24
green field with a panel of three vertical bands of red, black, and orange below a soaring orange eagle, on the outer edge of the flag; green stands for the country's natural resources and vegetation, red symbolizes the struggle for freedom, black the people of Zambia, and orange the country's mineral wealth; the eagle represents the people's ability to rise above the nation's problems

flag of Zambia

See Also

Democratic Republic of the Congo

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The Robinson Library >> Zambia

This page was last updated on 02/10/2019.