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Congo

formerly Belgian Congo, Zaire

CONTENTS

Democratic Republic of the Congo (Republique Democratique du Congo)
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Official Local Name Republique Democratique du Congo. Area 905,568 sq mi. Population 81.331.050. Capital Kinshasa. Independence from Belgium Achieved June 30, 1960.

First Flag of the Republic of the Congo
First Flag of the Republic of the Congo
When the Congo Free State was formed in 1885, its flag was blue with a gold star in the center. In 1960, the Belgian Congo became independent and the flag was adapted by the addition of six gold stars in the hoist to represent the six provinces of the new state.

Mobutu Sese Seko
Mobutu Sese Seko
attended the conference at which the Belgian Congo was granted its independence. He took control of the government in 1965, and was elected President in 1970. His reputation for lining his pockets with foreign aid while the people of Zaire faced economic hardship eventually led to his being removed by the army in 1997.

Katanga
Katanga
was a province that declared itself independent of the Congo in 1960.

The Belgian Congo in 1958
The Belgian Congo in 1958
celebrated the silver jubilee of the transfer of the Congo from its founder and owner, King Leopold II, to Belgium.

Republic of the Congo in 1960
Republic of the Congo in 1960
Exuberantly proclaimed on June 20, 1960, the Republic of the Congo faced internal conflicts almost immediately.

Republic of the Congo in 1961
Republic of the Congo in 1961

Republic of the Congo in 1964
Republic of the Congo in 1964
Rebellion and bloodshed plagued Congo throughout 1964.

Zaire in 1978
Zaire in 1978

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