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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Congo (Zaire)
Democratic Republic of the Congo

Republique Democratique du Congo

Location west central Africa
Bordered By
Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola

map of Congo

Area 905,568 sq mi (2,345,409 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W ~1,300 mi (2,090 km)
Greatest Distance N-S ~1,300 mi (2,090 km)
Coastline 25 mi (40 km)
Highest Point
Pic Marguerite on Mont Ngaliema; 16,762 ft (5,109 m)
Lowest Point sea level

Natural Resources copper, industrial diamonds, oil, cadmium, cobalt, gold, manganese, silver, tin, zinc, uranium

Nationality Congolese
Population (July 2016 est)
81,331,050
Largest Cities Kinshasa, Kananga
Ethnic Groups indigenous African tribes
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant, Kimbanguist, Muslim
Languages French (official), indigenous

Capital Kinshasa
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted May 13, 2005
Chief of State
President Joseph Kabila (since January 17, 2001)
Head of Government Prime Minister Samy Badibanga Ntita (since November 17, 2016)
Cabinet Cabinet appointed by the President
Legislature bicameral legislature
Judiciary
Supreme Court of Justice
Administrative Divisions
10 provinces

Currency Congolese Franc
Per Capita Income
$400
Industries mining (copper, cobalt, gold, diamonds, coltan, zinc, tin, tungsten), mineral processing, consumer products (textiles, plastics, footwear, cigarettes), metal products, processed foods and beverages, timber, cement, commercial ship repair
Agricultural Products coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, cotton, cocoa, quinine, cassava (manioc), bananas, plantains, peanuts, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products
Export Commodities diamonds, copper, gold, cobalt, wood products, crude oil, coffee
Import Commodities foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels

Independence from Belgium Achieved June 30, 1960
National Holiday Independence Day, June 30
Flag blue represents peace and hope, red the blood of the country's martyrs, and yellow the country's wealth and prosperity; the star symbolizes unity and the brilliant future for the country

flag

SEE ALSO
Republic of the Congo
Central African Republic
Sudan
Uganda
Rwanda
Burundi
Tanzania
Angola

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Congo (Zaire)

This page was last updated on 02/17/2017.