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Republic of Uganda

Origin of Name from the Swahili "Buganda," adopted by the British as the name for their East African colony in 1894; Buganda had been a powerful East African state during the 18th and 19th centuries

Location eastern Africa
Bordered By
Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda

location of Uganda in Africa

map of Uganda

Area 91,134 sq mi (236,036 sq km)
Highest Point Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley; 16,733 ft (3,100 m)
Lowest Point Lake Albert; 2,037
ft (621 m)
Natural Resources copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, gold

Nationality Ugandan
Population (July 2015 est)
37,101,745
Largest Cities Kampala
Ethnic Groups Baganda, Banyankole, Basoga, Bakiga, Iteso, Langi, Acheli, Bagisu, Lughara
Religions Roman Catholic, Anglican, Pentecostal
Languages English (official), Ganda

Capital Kampala
Form of Government Republic
Present Constitution Adopted October 8, 1995
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (since January 26, 1986)
Cabinet appointed by the President from among members of the National Assembly
Legislature unicameral National Assembly
Judiciary
Supreme Court
Administrative Divisions
11 districts, 1 capital city

Currency shilling (UGX)
Per Capita Income
$1,900
Industries sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement, steel production
Agricultural Products coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava, potatoes, corn, millet, pulses, cut fowers; beef cattle, goats, poultry; milk
Export Commodities coffee, fish and fish products, tea, cotton, flowers, horticultural products, gold
Import Commodities capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies, cereals

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved October 9, 1962
National Holiday Independence Day, October 9
Flag six equal horizontal bands of black, yellow, red, black, yellow, and red; a white disk is superimposed at the center and depicts a grey crowned crane (the national symbol) facing the hoist side; black symbolizes the African people, yellow sunshine and vitality, red African brotherhood; the crane was the military badge of Ugandan soldiers under the United Kingdom

flag of Rwanda

SEE ALSO
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kenya
Tanzania
Rwanda

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Uganda

This page was last updated on 05/26/2017.