United Republic of
Local Name Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania. Area 365,755 sq mi. Population
51,045,882. Capital Dar
es Salaam. Independence from UN Trusteeship Achieved
December 9, 1961.
Julius Kambarage Nyerere
played a key role in gaining independence for
Tanganyika, and then became its first Prime Minister.
When Tanganyika became a republic in 1962, he was elected
President, and in 1964 he became president of the United
Republic of Tanzania, a position he held until retiring