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Republic of the Sudan

Jumhuriyat as-Sudan

Origin of Name "Sudan" was derived from the Arabic phrase bilad as-sudan, meaning "land of the blacks," which was used by Arab traders to describe what is now Sub-Saharan Africa

Location northern Africa
Bordered By Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Zaire, Central African Republic, Chad, Libya, Egypt

location of the Sudan in Africa

Area 967,500 sq mi (2,505,813 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 1,075 mi (1,730 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 1,400 mi (2,253 km)
Coastline 400 mi (644 km)
Highest Point Kinyeti; 10.456 ft (3,187 m)
Lowest Point Red Sea; 0 ft (0 m)
Natural Resources petroleum, iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower

map of the Sudan

Nationality Sudanese
Population (July 2014 est)
Largest Cities Khartoum
Ethnic Groups black, Arab, Beja
Religions Sunni Muslim, indigineous beliefs, Christian
Languages Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, indigineous Sudanese languages, English

Capital Khartoum
Form of Government federal republic
Present Constitution Adopted July 5, 2005
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Umar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir (since October 16, 1993)
Cabinet Council of Ministers appointed by the President
Legislature bicameral National Legislature
Constitutional Court; National Supreme Court; National Courts of Appeal
Administrative Divisions
17 states (wilayat)

Currency Sudanese Dinar
Per Capita Income
Industries oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly
Agricultural Products cotton, peanuts, sorghum, millet, wheat, gum arabic, sugarcane, cassava, mangos, papaya, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame; sheep, livestock
Export Commodities oil and petroleum products, cotton, sesame, livestock, groundnuts (peanuts), gum arabic, sugar
Import Commodities foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refinery and transport equipment, medicines and chemicals, textiles, wheat

Independence from Egypt and Great Britain Achieved January 1, 1956
National Holiday Independence Day, January 1
Flag colors and design based on the Arab Revolt flag of World War I; red signifies the struggle for freedom, white is the color of peace, light, and love, black represents Sudan itself (in Arabic 'Sudan' means black), green is the color of Islam, agriculture, and prosperity

flag of the Sudan

See Also

Central African Republic
Great Britain
World War I

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The Robinson Library >> Sudan

This page was last updated on 09/12/2018.